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 Thomas WEELKES (1576-1623)

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Date d'inscription : 19/08/2006

MessageSujet: Thomas WEELKES (1576-1623)   Mer 30 Nov - 9:39

Thomas Weelkes (baptisé à Elsted le 25 Octobre 1576 - mort à Londres le 1 Décembre 1623) était un compositeur anglais, considéré comme l' un des plus importants en Angleterre. Il est classé parmi les virginalistes qui firent la réputation de l'école anglaise au début du XVIIe siècle.


On croit qu'il était le fils de John Weeke, recteur de Elsted ; la première référence de son nom date de 1597, l'année de la publication de son premier recueil de madrigaux. On croit que, dans ces années, il a travaillé au service de George Phillpot Compton. À la fin de 1598 , il a été nommé organiste de Winchester College où il a travaillé 3 ou 4 ans ; ce fut une des périodes les plus créatives en tant que compositeur.
En 1602 il est organiste du choeur de la cathédrale de Chichester. En 1603, il a épousé Elizabeth Sandham, la fille d'un marchand Chichester, avec qui il a eu trois enfants.
Plus tard, dans le quatrième et dernier volume de Madrigaux qu'il publia en 1608, lui-même se décrit comme un gentilhomme de la chapelle royale, ce qui n'a pas pu être prouvé. En 1611, son comportement devient inapproprié et a démontré son penchant pour l'alcool, ce qui a conduit à son licenciement en 1617. En 1622 , sa femme est morte à un moment où Weelkes était organiste "sporadique" de la cathédrale. Il a également voyagé fréquemment à Londres, où il a visité son ami Henry Drinkwater et où il est mort en décembre 1623.

La renommée de Weelkes dans le cadre de la musique anglaise est due à parts égales à ses madrigaux et à sa musique sacrée. Dans ses madrigaux, il se distingue de la production des compositeurs anglais contemporains par sa recherche d'audaces harmoniques et contrapuntiques.


Musique religieuse:

Services: all incomplete
The First Service to the Organs in Gamut (TeD, Jub, Off, Ky, Cr, Mag, Nunc), ?/4vv, org, GB-Ob, Och, WB; Mag, Nunc ed. D. Brown (London, 1974)
The Second Service to the Organs in D-sol-re (TeD, Jub, Off, Ky, Cr, Mag, Nunc), ?/4vv, org, Ob (Tenbury)
Service to the Organs in F-fa-ut (Mag, Nunc), ?/?vv, org, Ob (Tenbury)
Service for Trebles (TeD, Mag, Nunc), 5/5vv, org, Cp, DRc, Ob (Tenbury); ed. E.H. Fellowes (London, 1931), P. le Huray (London, 1962)
Service in medio chori (Mag, Nunc), ?/3/5vv, org, Ob (Tenbury); ed D. Brown (Borough Green, 1973)
Service in Verse for Two Counter-tenors (Mag, Nunc), ?/4vv, org, WB, US-NYp; ed. M Walsh (Oxford, 1990)
Short Service (Ven, TeD, Jub, Mag, Nunc), 4vv, GB-Cp, DRc, Lbl, Och, Ojc; Ven, TeD, Jub ed. D. Brown (London, 1969)
Service for Five Voices (TeD, Jub, Mag, Nunc), 5vv, Ob (Tenbury); ed. E.H. Fellowes (London, 1937, 2/1965 by D. Wulstan)
Service for Seven Voices (Mag, Nunc), 7vv, Cp, DRc
Jubilate, ?vv, Ob
Responses to the Commandments, 5vv, lost: see The Choir and Musical Record (1864), nos.47–8 [incl. musical examples]

Other sacred:
anthems unless otherwise stated
Edition: Thomas Weelkes: Collected Anthems, ed. D. Brown, W. Collins and P. le Huray, MB, xxiii (1966, rev. 2/1975) [incl. incipits of lost and doubtful works, list of sources]
Alleluia. I heard a voice, 5/5vv, org, MB 1
All laud and praise, 4/4vv, org, MB 17
All people clap your hands, 5vv, MB 2
An earthly tree (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
Behold how good and joyful (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
Behold, O Israel (inc.), ?/?vv, org., MB App.II
Blessed be the Man (inc.), ?/?vv, org., MB App.II
Blessed is he (inc.), ?/?vv, org., MB App.II
Christ is risen: see Christ rising
Christ rising (2p. Christ is risen) (inc.), ?4/?6vv, org, MB App.II; ed. D. Brown (Borough Green, 1973)
Deal bountifully (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
Deliver us, O Lord (inc.), ?5vv, MB 3; authenticity doubtful
Give ear, O Lord, 6/5vv, org, MB 18
Give the king thy judgements, 3/6vv, org, MB 19
Gloria in excelsis Deo. Sing, my soul, to God, 6vv, MB 4
Hosanna to the Son of David, 6vv, MB 5
If King Manasses, 6/6vv, org, MB 20
If ye be risen again with Christ (inc.), ?/?.vv, org, MB App.II
I lift my heart to thee (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
I love the Lord (2p. The Lord preserveth) (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
In thee, O Lord (Ps xxxi; inc.), 1/?4vv, org, MB 21
In thee, O Lord (Ps lxxi; inc.), 6/6vv, org; spurious version of If King Manasses
Laboravi in gemitu meo (inc.), ?6vv, MB 6
Let us lift up, ?/?vv, org; only text survives
Lord, to thee I make my moan, 5vv, MB 7
Most mighty and all-knowing Lord, consort song, 4vv, MB 25
O happy he, 5vv, MB 8
O how amiable, 5vv, MB 9
O Jonathan, woe is me, sacred madrigal, 6vv, MB 10
O Lord, arise, 7vv, MB 11
O Lord God almighty (inc.), ?5vv, MB 12
O Lord, grant the king a long life, 7vv, MB 13
O Lord, how joyful is the king (inc.), ?4/?5vv, org, MB 22
O Lord, preserve thee; only title survives
O Lord, rebuke me not, 5vv; authenticity doubtful, MB App.I
O Lord, turn not away thy face (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
O mortal man, 5vv, MB 14
O my son Absalom (i): see When David heard
O my son Absalom (ii), 4vv; authenticity doubtful, MB App.I
Plead thou my cause (inc.), ?5/5vv, org, MB 23
Rejoice in the Lord (inc.), ?4vv, MB 15
Sing unto the Lord, O ye princes, full anthem; only text survives
Successive course (inc.), ?/?vv, org; 1st chorus begins ‘That mighty God that humble spirits raises’, MB App.II
Teach me, O Lord, full anthem (inc.), MB App.II
The Lord is my shepherd (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
The Lord preserveth: see I love the Lord
Thy mercies great, full anthem; only text survives
What joy so true, 4/5vv, org, MB 24
When David heard (2p. O my son Absalom), sacred madrigal, 6vv, MB 16
Why art thou so sad (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II
Ye people all (inc.), ?/?vv, org, MB App.II


Musique profane

Madrigals:
Madrigals to 3. 4. 5. & 6. Voyces (London, 1597); ed. in EM, ix (1916, 2/1967) [1597]
Balletts and Madrigals to Five Voyces, with One to 6. Voyces (London, 1598); ed. in EM, x (1921, 2/1968) [1598]
Madrigals of 5. and 6. Parts, apt for the Viols and Voices (London, 1600); ed. in EM, xi, xii (1913, 2/1968) [1600]
Ayeres or Phantasticke Spirites for Three Voices (London, 1608); ed. in EM, xiii (1916, 2/1965) [1608]
A cuntrie paire, 3vv, 1597;
Alas O tarry but one halfe houre, 3vv, 1608;
All at once well met faire ladies, 5vv, 1598;
As deadly serpents lurking, 3vv, 1608;
A sparow-hauck proud, 6vv, 1600;
As Vesta was, from Latmos hill descending, 6vv, 1601;
As wanton birds, 5vv, 1600;
Aye me alas hey hoe, 3vv, 1608;
Aye mee my wonted joyes, 4vv, 1597 (reprinted in 160516);
Cease now delight (An elogie, in remembrance of the Hon: the Lord Borough), 6vv, 1598;
Cease sorrowes now, 3vv, 1597;
Cold winters ice is fled, 5vv, 1600;
Come clap thy hands (2p. Phyllis hath sworn), 5vv, 1598;
Come, lets begin to revel’t out, 3vv, 1608;
Come sirrah Jacke hoe, 3vv, 1608;
Death hath deprived me (A remembrance of my friend M. Thomas Morley) (John Davies of Hereford), 6vv, 1608;
Donna il vostro bel viso, 3vv, 1608;
Fa la la, O now weepe, 3vv, 1608;
Farewell my joy adue my love, 5vv, 1598;
Fowre armes two neckes, 3vv, 1608
Give me my hart, 5vv, 1598;
Grace my lovely one, 5vv, GB-Lbl Add.17786–9, 17791, ed. D. Brown (Reigate, 1969);
Ha ha this world doth passe, 3vv, 1608;
Harke all ye lovely saints above (?Barnabe Barnes), 5vv, 1598;
I bei ligustri e rose, 3vv, 1608;
If beautie bee a treasure, 6vv, 1597;
If thy deceitfull lookes, 5vv, 1597;
I love, and have my love regarded, 5vv, 1598;
In pride of May, 5vv, 1598;
Jockey thine horne pipes dull, 3vv, 1608;
Ladie, your eye my love enforced, 5vv, 1598;
Lady the birds right fairely, 5vv, 1600;
Lady, your spotlesse feature, 5vv, 1597;
Late in my rash accounting, 3vv, 1608;
Like two proud armies, 6vv, 1600;
Loe cuntrie sports, 4vv, 1597;
Lord when I thinke, 3vv, 1608;
Make hast yee lovers, 5vv, 1597;
Mars in a furie, 6vv, 1600;
My flocks feede not (2p. In black mourn I, Clear wells spring not), 3vv, 1597;
My Phillis bids mee pack, 6vv, 1597;
My teares doe not availe mee, 6vv, 1597;
No, no though I shrinke still, 3vv, 1608;
Noell, adew thou courts delight, 6vv, 1600;
Now everie tree renewes, 4vv, 1597;
Now is my Cloris fresh as May, 5vv, 1598;
Now is the bridalls of faire Choralis, 5vv, 1598;
Now let us make a merry greeting, 5vv, 1600
O care thou wilt dispatch mee (2p. Hence, Care, thou art too cruel), 5vv, 1600;
On the plaines Fairie traines (Barnabe Barnes), 5vv, 1598;
Our cuntrie swaines, 4vv, 1597;
Phillis goe take thy pleasure, 5vv, 1598;
Retire my thoughts, 6vv, 1597;
Say daintie dames shall wee goe play, 5vv, 1598;
Say deere, when will your frowning, 6vv, 1597;
Say wanton will you love me, 3vv, 1608;
See where the maides are singing, 5vv, 1600;
Since Robin Hood, 3vv, 1608;
Sing sheperds after mee, 5vv, 1598;
Sing wee at pleasure, 5vv, 1598;
Sit downe and sing, 3vv, 1597;
Some men desire spouses, 3vv, 1608;
Strike it up tabor, 3vv, 1608;
Sweet hart arise, 5vv, 1598;
Sweete love, I will no more abuse thee, 5vv, 1598
Take heere my heart, 5vv, 1600;
Tan ta ra ran tan tant, cryes Mars, 3vv, 1608;
The ape, the monkey, 3vv, 1608;
The gods have heard my vowes, 3vv, 1608;
The nightingale the organ of delight, 3vv, 1608;
Those spots upon my ladies face, 6vv, 1597;
Those sweet delightfull lillies, 5vv, 1597;
Though my carriage be but carelesse, 3vv, 1608;
Three times a day, 6vv, 1600;
Three virgin nimphes, 4vv, 1597;
Thule the period of cosmographie (2p. The Andalusian merchant), 6vv, 1600;
Thus sings my dearest jewell, 3vv, GB-Lbl Add.18936–7, 18939, ed. in Monson;
To shorten winters sadnesse, 5vv, 1598;
To morrow is the marriage day, 3vv, 1608;
Unto our flocks sweet Corolus, 5vv, 1598;
Upon a hill, the bonny boy, 3vv, 1608;
Wee shepherds sing, 5vv, 1598;
Welcome sweet pleasure, 5vv, 1598;
What hast faire lady, 5vv, 1597;
What have the gods (2p. Me thinks I hear), 6vv, 1600;
When Thoralis delights to walke, 6vv, 1600;
Whilst youthfull sports, 5vv, 1598;
Why are you ladyes staying (2p. Harke, I hear some ), 5vv, 1600;
Yong Cupid hath proclaim’d, 4vv, 1597;
Your beautie it alureth, 5vv, 1597

Other vocal:
The Cries of London, 5vv; ed. in MB, xxii (1967, 2/1974)
I cannot est my meat (a round), 3vv, ed. in Monson, 361, is not by Weelkes


Musique instrumentale

For keyboard:
2 voluntaries, GB-Lcm, US-NYp;
Pavane, NYp;
Galliard, GB-Lbl;
facs. and ed., D. Hunter: Thomas Weelkes: Keyboard Music (Clarabricken, 1984)

For viols:
[Fantasia] for 2 basses, a 6, Lbl (ed. in ReeseMR);
In Nomine [no.1], a 4, Ob;
2 In Nomines [nos.2 and 3], a 5, Ob;
Lachrimae, a 5, Lbl;
Pavane [no. 1], a 5, Lbl, Lcm;
Pavane [no.2], a 5, Lbl;
[?Pavane], (inc.), Lcm (In Nomine no.2, a 5, Pavane no.2 ed. in MB, ix, 1955, 2/1962;
In Nomine nos.1 and 3 ed. in MB xlv, 1988)
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